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  • Author: Simone Regina Potje x
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Bernah M. Fahning B Fahning, Department of Physics and Chemistry, USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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Simone Regina Potje S Potje, Medical Sciences, University of Minas Gerais State, Passos, 37902-407, Brazil

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Tiago D. Paula T Paula, Department of Physics and Chemistry, USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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Marcella D. Grando M Grando, Department of Physics and Chemistry, USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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Lusiane M. Bendhack L Bendhack, Department of Physics and Chemistry, USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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Renin-angiotensin system plays a critical role in blood pressure control and the abnormal activation of AT1 receptor contributes to the development of renovascular hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate the underlying cellular signaling for AT1 receptor activation by Ang II and to compare this mechanism between aortas from 2K-1C and 2K rats. Effects of antagonists and enzyme inhibitors were investigated on Ang II-induced contractions in denuded or intact-endothelium aortas. AT1 receptor antagonist abolished Ang II-induced contraction in 2K-1C and 2K rat aortas, while AT2 and Mas receptors antagonists had no effect. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase inhibition increased the maximal effect (Emax) of Ang II in 2K, which was not changed in 2K-1C aortas. It was associated with lower eNOS mRNA levels in 2K-1C. Endothelium removal increased the Emax of Ang II in 2K-1C and mainly in of 2K rat aortas. The Nox and COX inhibition did not alter Ang II-induced contraction in 2K and 2K-1C rat aortas. Otherwise, AT1 expression was higher in 2K-1C as compared to 2K rat aortic rings, whereas expression of phosphorylated (active) IP3 receptors was lower in 2K-1C than in 2K rats. These results demonstrate that the endothelium removal impairs Ang II-stimulated contraction in the aorta of 2K-1C rats, which is associated with the reduction of IP3 receptor phosphorylation and activation. In addition, eNOS plays a critical role in Ang II-induced contraction in 2K rat aortas. It is possible that the high Ang II plasma levels could desensitize AT1 receptor in 2K-1C rats leading to impaired IP3 receptors activation.

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